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13th World Nephrology Conference, will be organized around the theme “Recent advancements of research and treatment in the field of nephrology”

World Nephrology 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in World Nephrology 2017

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The diabetic kidney disease sometimes also called as diabetic nephropathy is a renal related complication usually occurs in some people with diabetes mellitus. In diabetic nephropathy filters of the kidneys and glomeruli become damaged. In this condition the kidneys leak abnormal quantity of protein from blood into the urine.

If anyone has diabetes, the blood glucose, or blood sugar levels are very high. For prolonged period, this can damage the kidneys. The role of kidney is to clean your blood. In case they are damaged, waste and fluids accumulate in your blood with out of leaving from your body.

If the kidney damage by diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. Usually it starts long before you have notice symptoms. The beginning sign of it is small quantity of protein in urine. By urine test we can detect diabetic nephropathy or blood test can also determine the functioning of kidneys.

If the damage continues for prolonged period the kidneys may fail. Actually, diabetes is the most common cause of renal failure in the U S. People with kidney failure should go for dialysis or kidney

  • Track 1-1Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Track 1-2Diabetes Mellitus (Clinical)
  • Track 1-3Diabetic Nephropathy – Biomarkers of Disease
  • Track 1-4Intensive Management of Blood Glucose
  • Track 1-5Genetics of Kidney Disease –Diabetic Kidney Disease
  • Track 1-6Renal Hemodynamics and Vascular Physiology

Acute renal failure , previously called acute kidney injury (AKI), is a sudden and unexpected loss of kidney function that develops within a week. Acute renal failure (formerly known as acute kidney injury) is a disease distinguished by the acute loss of the kidney's eliminatory function and is commonly diagnosed through the accumulation of urea and creatinine or reduced urine output, or both. Acute kidney injury may lead to a number of kidney problems, including high potassium levels, metabolic acidosis, changes in body fluid balance, uremia, also effects on other body systems ultimately leads to death. People who have experienced acute kidney injury may have high incidence of chronic kidney disease in the future. Controlling measures includes treatment of the root cause and supportive care, such as kidney transplantation.

  • Track 2-1Acute Renal Failure
  • Track 2-2Acute Kidney Injury - Onco-Nephrology (Diseases)
  • Track 2-3Acute Kidney Injury – Onco-Nephrology
  • Track 2-4Acute Kidney Injury – Pregnancy
  • Track 2-5Acute Kidney Injury – Update on CRRT, SLED, etc

The most common form of kidney replacement therapy is dialysis, is a way of cleaning the blood with artificial kidneys. There is of types of dialysis they are:

1. Haemodialysis  

2. Peritoneal dialysis.

Haemodialysis

Hemodialysis required with the patients of renal failure. In this process of hemodialysis, an artificial kidney purifies blood. We should make an "access," usually in the forearm where blood can easily be taken from the body and sent to the artificial kidney for purification. The access collects blood from patient body and undergoes purification in artificial kidney and again injected the purified blood in to patient body.

Peritoneal dialysis

In peritoneal dialysis no artificial kidney is used. The peritoneum (lining inside your abdomen) is used as a filter instead of artificial kidney. Peritoneal dialysis is of two types they are continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is used in kidney failure patients.

  • Track 3-1Peritoneal Dialysis
  • Track 3-2Vascular Access in Dialysis
  • Track 3-3Complications of Dialysis
  • Track 3-4Quality Of Life in Dialysis
  • Track 3-5Nutrition
  • Track 3-6Epidemiology, Outcomes and Health Services Research in Dialysis
  • Track 3-7Kidney Infection

In the paediatric and neonatal intensive care units Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication where Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is frequently implemented in children in whom the supportive therapy is not to the mark to touch  the metabolic demands. 

In majority, Peritoneal dialysis is more preferred for children in the times of renal replacement because of the non-complexity of the procedure. In most of the pediatric end stage renal disease, peritoneal dialysis is more preferred as it can be done even in home.

  • Track 4-1Advanced Therapies for Pediatrics
  • Track 4-2Pediatric Renal Failure
  • Track 4-3Pediatric Kidney Failure Diet
  • Track 4-4Pediatric Kidney Dialysis
  • Track 4-5Clinical Pediatric Nephrology
  • Track 4-6Pediatric Renal Transplantation

Kidney cancer (also called renal adenocarcinoma or renal cell cancer) is a disease in which cancer cells are found in the lining of tubules in the kidney. We have two kidneys, behind the peritoneum one on each side of the spinal cord, just above the waist. Small tubules in the kidneys purify the blood. Unabsorbed products formed as urine. The formed urine passes in to bladder through long tube called bladder. The urine stored in bladder until leaves from body through urethra. Kidney cancer perhaps remains clinically occult for most of its course.Immunomodulatory agents and targeted therapy are the standard of care in metastatic disease patients.

Kidney cancer: The most common malignant disease affecting kidney is kidney cancer. One of the most common causes for kidney cancer is smoking.

  • Track 5-1Immunotherapy
  • Track 5-2Types of renal cell carcinoma
  • Track 5-3Renal cell carcinoma risk factors
  • Track 5-4Targeted Therapy
  • Track 5-5Renal cell carcinoma

Kidney stones are otherwise called as a “Nephrolith” or “Renal calculus, which are formed in the urine due to the accumulation of excessive minerals. One cannot confine stones to form only in the kidney but there are many cases where the formation of stones included urethra, bladder and ureters. In 2013, 49 million cases of kidney stones have been reported. As a result around 15,000 were dead throughout the world. 

The preliminary symptoms of kidney stone presence include the unbearable pain in the area between the abdomen and the upper thigh on either side of the body or between the ribs and the hip which is referred to as Renal Colic.

  • Track 6-1Bladder Stones
  • Track 6-2Transplant Research
  • Track 6-3Kidney Supplements
  • Track 6-4Artificial Kidney

Urogynecology is a fairly new subspecialty and a fast-growing one, with increasing rates of pelvic floor disorders fueling a high demand for its services. In 1996, there was one board-accredited fellowship program for advanced training in urogynecology. By June 2010, according to the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the number of accredited fellowship programs offered by leading academic institutions had grown to 37, and membership in societies associated with the sub-specialty had doubled.

Nearly 25% of all females experience frustrating and embarrassing symptoms unnecessarily. Bladder and bowel control, pelvic prolapse, pelvic pain, cystitis and vaginal cosmetic issues are conditions that  Dr. Porter, a fellowship trained urogynecologist, and his staff are dedicated to improving. Many treatments provide excellent success rates and do not require surgery. When surgery is necessary, most are performed utilizing the latest minimally invasive procedures. Not all doctors have the same training and experience to address urogynecological problems. Research shows that it is important to seek an expert evaluation from the start. On April 29, 2014, the FDA issued two proposed orders for surgical mesh for transvaginal pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair that put forth changes to address the risks associated with these devices. Once final, manufacturers will be required to provide clinical data in a premarket approval (PMA) application to support the safety and effectiveness of surgical mesh for transvaginal POP. Also, manufacturers of the tools specifically for implanting surgical mesh will be required to obtain premarket clearance (510(k))

  • Track 7-1Endourology-Clinical Update
  • Track 7-2Neurourology and Urodynamics
  • Track 7-3Urologic Oncology
  • Track 7-4Pediatric Urology
  • Track 7-5Robotic Urology
  • Track 7-6Urinary Incontinence
  • Track 7-7Stress incontinence
  • Track 7-8Genitourinary Medicine

Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions that affect the kidneys (such as diabetes and autoimmune disease) and systemic problems that occur as a result of kidney problems (such as renal osteodystrophy and hypertension) are also studied in nephrology. A physician who has undertaken additional training to become an expert in nephrology may call themselves a nephrologist or renal physician.

  • Track 8-1Clinical Nephrology
  • Track 8-2Integrative Nephrology
  • Track 8-3Nephrology & Urology
  • Track 8-4Nephrology & Vascular Diseases
  • Track 8-5Nephrology & Andrology
  • Track 8-6Critical Nephrology

Renal physiology is the study of the physiology of the kidney. This encompasses all functions of the kidney, including maintenance of acid-base balance; regulation of fluid balance; regulation of sodium, potassium, and other electrolytes; clearance of toxins; absorption of glucose, amino acids, and other small molecules; regulation of blood pressure; production of various hormones, such as erythropoietin; and activation of vitamin D. Much of renal physiology is studied at the level of the nephron, the smallest functional unit of the kidney. Each nephron begins  ith  filtration component that filters the blood entering the kidney. This filtrate then flows along the length of the nephron, which is a tubular structure lined by a single layer of specialized cells and surrounded by capillaries. The major functions of these lining cells are the reabsorption of water and small molecules from the filtrate into the blood, and the secretion of wastes from the blood into the urine. Proper function of the kidney requires that it receives and adequately filters blood. This is performed at the microscopic level by many hundreds of thousands of filtration units called renal corpuscles, each of which is composed of a glomerulus and a Bowman's capsule. A global assessment of renal function is often ascertained by estimating the rate of filtration, called the glomerular filtration rate (GFR).

 

 

  • Track 9-1Lymphatic system
  • Track 9-2Leukocytes
  • Track 9-3Organs, Tissues and Cells of the Immune System
  • Track 9-4Infectious Organisms and Immunization

The primary cause of high blood pressure remains unknown in almost 90% of the cases. However, some things may play a role in its development, including: Smoking, Obesity, Family history of high blood pressure but there are several secondary causes of hypertension such as Kidney disease, Diabetes, Blocking of arteries, Irrational use of medicines like pain killers, supplements.

High blood pressure (hypertension) is a leading cause of disease and kidney failure (end-stage renal disease)Hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels and filters in the kidney, making removal of waste from the body difficult. Once a person is diagnosed with end-stage renal disease, dialysis a blood cleansing process or kidney transplantation are necessary. Kidneys are remarkable organs. Inside them are millions of tiny blood vessels that act as filters. Their job is to remove waste products from the blood. Sometimes this filtering system breaks down.

Diabetes can damage the kidneys and cause them to fail. Failing kidneys lose their ability to filter out waste products, resulting in kidney disease. Diabetes can damage this system. High levels of blood sugar make the kidneys filter too much blood. All this extra work is hard on the filters. After many years, they start to leak and useful protein is lost in the urine. Having small amounts of protein in the urine is called microalbuminuria. When kidney disease is diagnosed early, during microalbuminuria, several treatments may keep kidney disease from getting worse. Having larger amounts of protein in the urine is called macroalbuminuria. When kidney disease is caught later during macroalbuminuria, end-stage renal disease, or ESRD, usually follows. 

 

 

  • Track 10-1Hypertension and Renal Disease in Pregnancy
  • Track 10-2Renovascular hypertension, Antihypersensitive therapy
  • Track 10-3Hyperphosphatemia, Hyperuricemia, Hypercalcemia
  • Track 10-4Anemia and Erythropoietin, Renal Osteodystrophy
  • Track 10-5Recent Advances in Glomerular Disorders and Hypertension

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is typically defined by macro albuminuria—that is, a urinary albumin excretion of more than 300 mg in a 24-hour collection—or macro albuminuria and abnormal renal function as represented by an abnormality in serum creatinine, calculated creatinine clearance, or glomerular filteration filtration rate (GFR). Clinically, diabetic nephropathy is characterized by a progressive increase in proteinuria and decline in GFR, hypertension, and a high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Diabetic nephropathy is a clinical syndrome characterized by the following: Proteinuria was first recognized in diabetes mellitus in the late 18th century.

By the 1950s, kidney disease was clearly recognized as a common complication of diabetes, with as many as 50% of patients with diabetes of more than 20 years having this complication Currently, diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease in the United States and other Western societies. It is also one of the most significant long-term complications in terms of morbidity and mortality for individual patients with diabetes. Diabetes is responsible for 30-40% of all end-stage renal disease (ESRD) cases in the United States. Generally, diabetic nephropathy is considered after a routine urinalysis and screening for micro albuminuria in the setting of diabetes. Patients may have physical findings associated with long-standing diabetes mellitus. Good evidence suggests that early treatment delays or prevents the onset of diabetic nephropathy or diabetic kidney disease. Regular outpatient follow-up is key in managing diabetic nephropathy successfully. Recently, attention has been called to atypical presentations of diabetic nephropathy with dissociation of proteinuria from reduced kidney function. Also noted is that micro albuminuria is not always predictive of diabetic nephropathy

 

  • Track 11-1Diabetic Microvascular Complications, Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Track 11-2Contrast Nephropathy, Uric acid Nephropathy
  • Track 11-3Diabetic Glomerulosclerosis, IgA Nephropathy
  • Track 11-4Pathogenesis of Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Track 11-5HIV Associated Nephropathy
  • Track 11-6Glycemic Control, Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Depending on the underlying cause, some types of kidney disease can be treated. Often, though, chronic kidney disease has no cure. In general, treatment consists of measures to help control signs and symptoms, reduce complications, and slow progression of the disease. If your kidneys become severely damaged, you may need treatment for end-stage kidney disease. There are four types of medicine that can help people with CKD: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), Angiotensin II receptor blockers/antagonists (ARBs),Beta-blockers, Statins. ACEIs, ARBs, and beta blockers-blockers are all types of medicine used to lower blood pressure, but they work in different ways. ACEIs and ARBs may slow kidney damage even in people who do not have high blood pressure. Statins are a type of medicine used to lower cholesterol. Although medicine cannot reverse chronic kidney disease, it is often used to help treat symptoms and complications and to slow further kidney damage. Most people who have chronic kidney disease have problems with high blood pressure at some time during their disease. Medicines that lower blood pressure help to keep it in a target range and stop any more kidney damage. Common blood pressure medicines include: ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers.

Medicines may be used to treat symptoms and complications of chronic kidney disease. These medicines include: Erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapy and iron replacement therapy (iron pills or intravenous iron) for anemia. Medicines for electrolyte imbalances. Diuretics to treat fluid buildup caused by chronic kidney disease,  ACE inhibitors and ARBs.

 

 

  • Track 12-1Genetic kidney disease in neonates
  • Track 12-2Inherited metabolic diseases with non-glomerular involvement
  • Track 12-3Alport’s and Bartter’s Syndrome
  • Track 12-4Cystic kidney diseases
  • Track 12-5Biopsy, diagnosis and Imaging methods
  • Track 12-6Reflux nephropathy and haemolytic uraemic syndrome
  • Track 12-7Mutation analysis and single gene defects
  • Track 12-8Molecular diagnostics and genetic counselling methods
  • Track 12-9Molecular diagnostics and genetic counselling methods
  • Track 12-10Inherited metabolic diseases with renal involvement

Dialysis is the artificial process of eliminating waste (diffusion) and unwanted water (ultrafiltration) from the blood. Our kidneys do this naturally. Some people, however, may have failed or damaged kidneys which cannot carry out the function properly - they may need dialysis. In other words, dialysis is the artificial replacement for lost kidney function (renal replacement therapy replacement therapy).Dialysis may be used for patients who have become ill and have acute kidney failure (temporary loss of kidney function), or for fairly stable patients who have permanently lost kidney function When we are healthy our kidneys regulate our body levels of water and minerals, and remove waste. The kidneys also produce erythropoietin and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (calcitriol) as part of the endocrine system. Dialysis does not correct the endocrine functions of failed kidneys - it only replaces some kidney functions, such as waste removal and fluid removal. Dialysis and altitude - A study published in February 2009 found that death rates for dialysis patients are 10%-15% lower for those whose homes are higher than 4,000 feet, compared to those who live at sea level. Some countries, such as the UK, are predicting a doubling of the number of patients on dialysis machine. Approximately 1,500 liters of blood are filtered by a healthy person's kidneys each day. We could not live if waste products were not removed from our kidneys. People whose kidneys either do not work properly or not at all experience a buildup of waste in their blood. Without dialysis the amount of waste products in the blood would increase and eventually reach levels that would cause coma and death. Dialysis is also used to rapidly remove toxins or drugs from the blood.

There are two main types of dialysis - hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The blood circulates outside the body of the patient - it goes through a machine that has special filters. The blood comes out of the patient through a catheter (a flexible tube) that is inserted into the vein. The filters do what the kidney's do; they filter out the waste products from the blood. The filtered blood then returns to the patient via another catheter. The patient is, in effect, connected to a kind of artificial Kidney. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a therapy that typically is managed by patients at home. The therapy works by cleaning the blood of toxins and removing extra fluids through one of the body’s own membranes, the peritoneal membrane.

 

  • Track 13-1Diffusion
  • Track 13-2Hemodialysis and Peritoneal dialysis- Types and methods of access
  • Track 13-3Side effects and Complications of dialysis procedures
  • Track 13-4Psychological disparities in renal dialysis patients
  • Track 13-5Nutrition and anemia in dialysis patients
  • Track 13-6Microbial infection and diseases

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs located on either side of the lower back. They are extremely important for the body in that they process waste and toxins before they are sent to the bladder as urine. If the kidney becomes damaged or fails completely, it becomes unable to properly process this waste. This lack of function causes kidney failure, also called renal failure. The kidneys play a vital role in maintaining every day bodily function. They not only filter the blood and get rid of waste, but they also balance out electrolyte levels in the body which help encourage the production of red blood cells and normalize blood pressure. Understanding what kidney failure is will help you better prevent it from occurring. Kidney failure, also known as renal failure, may not present many symptoms in the beginning.

However, as the kidneys continue to decrease in function, they become unable to regulate water and electrolyte balances, clear waste products from the body, and promote red blood cell production which leads to the onset of symptoms including: lethargy, weakness, shortness of breath and occasional swelling. If left untreated, then life-threatening symptoms can occur, which range from heart failure to coma.When kidney function gets significantly reduced due to kidney failure, the damage cannot usually be reversed. However, if the proper steps are taken early enough, then it could slow down the progress of kidney failure or even halt it altogether. The treatment for kidney failure differs depending on what phase the kidney failure is and other individual factors. For those whose kidneys no longer function well enough on their own without renal therapy, specialist will typically recommend either renal dialysis or a kidney transplant.

 

  • Track 14-1Pharmacogenomics
  • Track 14-2rhGH treatment
  • Track 14-3Ab mediated treatment
  • Track 14-4Regenerative medicine treatment
  • Track 14-5Pediatric kidney diseases and treatment
  • Track 14-6Laparoscopy in the treatment of kidney disorders
  • Track 14-7Treatments in Nephrology and Renal care
  • Track 14-8Treatment for End-Stage kidney Disease
  • Track 14-9Nephrectomy

Home Therapies serve as the primary health care providers in many settings.Home Therapies manage in advanced health assessment, illness and disease management, health promotion, pathophysiology and pharmacology. They work in a family-oriented approach that emphasizes health promotion and health maintenance.

Home Therapies serve as primary and specialty health care providers under a physician. Much like a family doctor, Family Nurse Practitioners work with patients throughout their lives, diagnosing illness, conducting exams, and prescribing medication. These nurses can also serve as their patients’ sole health care provider and run their own private practices.

 

  • Track 15-1Loss of Kidney Function Linked to Obesity
  • Track 15-2Diet with Kidney Failure
  • Track 15-3Renal Dietitians, Renal Supplements
  • Track 15-4Herbal Supplements for the Kidneys
  • Track 15-5Life style changes

Kidney Transplantation is the process of placing a healthy kidney which takes over the work of cleaning blood through an operation or a surgery in patients with end stage renal disease. It is classified as living donor transplantation or deceased donor transplantation on the source of organ of the donor.

kidney transplantation is the choice of treatment when kidneys fail along with hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. kidney transplants are classified into two types: those that come from living donors and those that come from unrelated donors who have died (non-living donors).Kidney transplant can be done to patients who : withstand the effects of surgery, immunosuprresant medication, transplant has good chance of success, treatments after transplantation.Unlike many other types of organ donation, it is possible to donate a kidney while you are alive because you only need one kidney to survive.

 

  • Track 16-1Kidney donors
  • Track 16-2Kidney Transplantation recipients
  • Track 16-3Renal transplantation in obese patients
  • Track 16-4Kidney Biopsy
  • Track 16-5Renal replacement therapy
  • Track 16-6Proteinuria
  • Track 16-7Hematopoiesis
  • Track 16-8Platelet dysfunction
  • Track 16-9Renal function in living kidney donors

Surgery can remove a cancer that is only in the kidney (early kidney cancer) or that has spread into nearby tissues (locally advanced kidney cancer). In these situations the surgery aims to cure the cancer.

Surgery can also be used to remove cancers that have spread to other parts of the body (secondary cancers) to control the growth of the cancer and relieve symptoms.

  • Track 17-1Curing cancer that has not spread
  • Track 17-2Partial nephrectomy
  • Track 17-3Simple nephrectomy
  • Track 17-4Simple nephrectomy
  • Track 17-5Radical nephrectomy
  • Track 17-6Renal carcinoma
  • Track 17-7Cancer related renal complications
  • Track 17-8Keyhole and robotic surgery
  • Track 17-9Laparoscopic surgery
  • Track 17-10Robotic surgery

Clinical Nephrology involves medical treatment of kidney diseases and conditions. This may entail working with other areas of the body that also are influenced by the kidneys.

Kidney problems can cause electrolyte imbalances in the bloodstream, resulting in serious symptoms including excess fluid in the tissues, mental confusion or irregular heartbeat. Clinical nephrology also can help patients who have high blood pressure, because hypertension can be destructive to the kidneys.

 

 

  • Track 18-1Nephrologists
  • Track 18-2Renal Surgeons
  • Track 18-3Kidney care Physicians
  • Track 18-4Urologists
  • Track 18-5Renal Pediatricians
  • Track 18-6Renal Practitioners
  • Track 18-7Kidney transplant coordinators
  • Track 18-8The Intensive Care Kidney Specialist

Nephrology Nursing is the field of nursing with a focus on the most extreme consideration of the discriminatingly sick or unsteady chronic kidney patients. Contamination revultion and nursing consideration is the control concerned with turning away nosocomial or health awareness related disease, a functional (as opposed to scholastic) sub-order of the study of disease transmission. Infants who need escalated restorative consideration are regularly conceded into a unique region of the clinic called the Neonatal serious care and nursing consideration. The part of backing in discriminating nursing consideration: Critical consideration medical attendants work in a wide assortment of settings, filling numerous parts including bedside clinicians, attendant teachers, medical caretaker analysts, medical caretaker supervisors, clinical medical caretaker authorities and medical attendant professionals. Measurements of Renal Care Nursing's mission is to give attendants exact, current, and applicable data and lodging to exceed expectations in discriminating consideration rehearse.

  • Track 19-1Primary Care Nephrology
  • Track 19-2Assessment and evaluation of renal health
  • Track 19-3Clinical implications and renal care
  • Track 19-4Interventional renal Nurses
  • Track 19-5Physical, occupational, & speech therapies
  • Track 19-6Kidney Care Support Services
  • Track 19-7Public Health and Community
  • Track 19-8Innovative Approaches in renal health
  • Track 19-9Treatment by Antimicrobial Agents

Nephrology is the medical specialty which focuses on kidney conditions and abnormalities, involving the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy i.e dialysis and kidney transplantation. A Nephrologist, also called a renal physician, is a medical doctor who specializes in diseases and conditions related to human kidneys. In most cases, patients are referred to Nephrologists by other physicians. Though Nephrology is a subspecialty of internal general medicine, the branch of medicine involved in diagnosing and treating diseases mainly in adults, it also deals with kidney abnormalities in children. Nephrologists diagnose and treat a variety of conditions such as kidney disease, electrolyte disorders, renal failure, high blood pressure and kidney stones. They perform various tests like blood tests, urine tests and biopsies to find out diseases that affect the kidney. Their treatment includes regulation of electrolyte and blood pressure, medication and dialysis. Excluding procedures such as kidney biopsies and catheter placements, they do not do surgery, though they often work closely with urologists who perform medical as well as surgical intervention. Nephrologists must have a solid understanding of nephrology and the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of conditions.

 

  • Track 20-1Nephrology Devices Market
  • Track 20-2Nephrology community
  • Track 20-3Collaborated with leading Nephrology workforce investigators
  • Track 20-4Global Nephrology Hospital & Pharmaceuticals Market
  • Track 20-5Nephrology Country Analysis and Forecasts
  • Track 20-6Stimulating innovations in nephrology education
  • Track 20-7Renal care delivery systems
  • Track 20-8Geographical distribution of nephrologists
  • Track 20-9Programs and policies for kidney professionals